java中汉字自动转换成拼音
发布日期:2021-08-21 02:35:30 浏览次数:1 分类:技术文章

1.需要下载jar包 pinyin4j.2.5.0.jar ,加入到WEB-INF下的lib里边,右键add to bulid path。

2.[代码]PinYinUtil  

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package oa.common.utils;
 
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;
 
/**
  * 拼音工具类
  *
  * @author lsf
  */
public class PinYinUtil {
     /**
      * 将字符串中的中文转化为拼音,其他字符不变
      *
      * @param inputString
      * @return
      */
     public static String getPingYin(String inputString) {
         HanyuPinyinOutputFormat format = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
         format.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
         format.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
         format.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);
 
         char [] input = inputString.trim().toCharArray();
         String output = "" ;
 
         try {
             for ( int i = 0 ; i < input.length; i++) {
                 if (java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]).matches( "[\\u4E00-\\u9FA5]+" )) {
                     String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(input[i], format);
                     output += temp[ 0 ];
                 } else
                     output += java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]);
             }
         } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
             e.printStackTrace();
         }
         return output;
     }
     /** 
      * 获取汉字串拼音首字母,英文字符不变 
      * @param chinese 汉字串 
      * @return 汉语拼音首字母 
      */  
     public static String getFirstSpell(String chinese) {  
             StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();  
             char [] arr = chinese.toCharArray();  
             HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();  
             defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);  
             defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);  
             for ( int i = 0 ; i < arr.length; i++) {  
                     if (arr[i] > 128 ) {  
                             try {  
                                     String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat);  
                                     if (temp != null ) {  
                                             pybf.append(temp[ 0 ].charAt( 0 ));  
                                     }  
                             } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {  
                                     e.printStackTrace();  
                             }  
                     } else {  
                             pybf.append(arr[i]);  
                     }  
             }  
             return pybf.toString().replaceAll( "\\W" , "" ).trim();  
     }  
     /** 
      * 获取汉字串拼音,英文字符不变 
      * @param chinese 汉字串 
      * @return 汉语拼音 
      */  
     public static String getFullSpell(String chinese) {  
             StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();  
             char [] arr = chinese.toCharArray();  
             HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();  
             defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);  
             defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);  
             for ( int i = 0 ; i < arr.length; i++) {  
                     if (arr[i] > 128 ) {  
                             try {  
                                     pybf.append(PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat)[ 0 ]);  
                             } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {  
                                     e.printStackTrace();  
                             }  
                     } else {  
                             pybf.append(arr[i]);  
                     }  
             }  
             return pybf.toString();  
    

3.用到的时候,import com.XXX.PinYinUtil; 看自己的实际路径

然后调用PinYinUtil.getFirstSpell(String chinese);

           PinYinUtil.getFullSpell(String chinese);

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